Start Dating ritual in early american history

Dating ritual in early american history

Teotihuacán also contains a smaller stepped, stone-covered temple-pyramid called the Temple of the Feathered Serpent (an early form of the Aztec god Quetzalcoatl). Teotihuacán declined between the seventh and 10th centuries and was eventually abandoned.

Within the current pyramid is another, earlier pyramid structure of almost the same size.

In 1971, archaeologists discovered a cave underneath the Pyramid of the Sun, leading to a chamber in the shape of a four-leaf clover.

The Teotihuacán was one of the most dominant societies in Mesoamerica; their namesake capital, located northeast of today’s Mexico City, had a population of 100,000 to 200,000 during the fifth and sixth centuries.

According to Aztec tradition, the sun and the moon, as well as the rest of the universe, traced their origins to Teotihuacán.

Mesoamerican peoples built pyramids from around 1000 B. up until the time of the Spanish conquest in the early 16th century. American pyramids were generally built of earth and then faced with stone, typically in a stepped, or layered, shape topped by a platform or temple structure.

The earliest known pyramid stands at La Venta in Tabasco, Mexico. In many cases, pyramids in Latin America were rebuilt again and again over already existing structures, in order to glorify the current ruler.

The elaborate nature of Aztec pyramids and other architecture was also connected to the Aztec’s warrior culture: The Aztec symbol for conquest was a burning pyramid, with a conqueror destroying the temple at its top.

Tenochtitlan, the great Aztec capital, housed the Great Pyramid, a four-stepped structure some 60 meters high.

Constructed from adobe in four stages of construction beginning around the second century B.

C., the Pyramid of Cholula measured 1,083 by 1,034 feet at the base and was about 82 feet high.

The warrior Toltecs conquered the region around 1200, and rebuilt the pyramid as their ceremonial center.